Aquarius recovers 141 migrants for its recovery mission

The humanitarian ship Aquarius rescued Friday 141 people off the coast of Libya on its first mission since it resumed sea. He said he is now waiting for instructions from the Libyan rescue coordination center.

The boat managed by the Franco-German SOS Mediterranean Association and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) first recovered 25 migrants on Friday, including six women, who were on a small wooden boat about 25 nautical km) from the Libyan coast.

The conditions were calm and sunny, but the boat, weighed down by too many passengers, was very little above the waterline. Those on board seemed tense and worried as the rescuers approached.

Later, another 116 people were removed from a second wooden boat in the same area, including 38 women and 73 minors. Although larger, this ship was also overcrowded.

No referral to Libya

The Libyan coastguard, the coordinating authority for rescues, has been informed, the Aquarius says on its online logbook. The Aquarius, who sailed last week for its tenth mission this year, still does not know where it can get those rescued on Friday. According to international law, refugees rescued at sea can not be put back in danger.

The crew made it clear before leaving that they would not send migrants back to Libya because the country is not considered a safe haven for migrants and refugees, both by the United Nations and the European Union.

The Aquarius resumed the sea on 1 August after being the subject of a dispute in June between Italy and Malta that had refused to receive migrants collected at sea. He had spent nine days at sea before to be able to land in Spain the migrants he had collected. The conflict has had repercussions throughout the EU and caused political tensions between Rome and Paris.

More than 650,000 arrivals

Under pressure from Italy and Malta, most humanitarian ships no longer patrol off the coast of Libya. More than 650,000 migrants have arrived on the Italian coast since 2014.

Although departures from Libya have dropped dramatically this year, smugglers are still pushing boats out to sea. Some 720 people died in June and July when NGO ships were mostly absent from the area, Amnesty International estimates.

Parent warriors: a non-profit initiative for children and adults with disabilities

It is the first Integral Rehabilitation Center of Tandil, and its construction was promoted by 15 families, thanks to donations and festivals organized by the same members and neighbors of the community

When we talk about disability, often the feeling of vulnerability is so present in the daily lives of those who suffer from it, as well as in the family nucleus. With this idea, a group of parents worried about the lack of information and advice began an arduous path in search of the help of others who were in the same situation of uncertainty. Thus was born the project known today as CIANE -an association formed by parents of exceptional children-, and whose inauguration promises to be a great event in Tandil and its surroundings.

It is the first Integral Rehabilitation Center for children with different disabilities that will work in the area. All thanks to the teamwork of at least 15 parents who, with the same dream, worked hard to collect the money necessary to achieve the goal since 2006.

With the help of professionals, donations, advice and collaboration of an entire city, today CIANE is in its last stages (Facebook CIANE)

It was in 2007 when this initiative began to take on the necessary color, thanks to the donation of a two-hectare plot where today the much-awaited physical space for the assistance of children and adults with disabilities is being built. Although there is still no opening date, it is estimated that its doors will open this year.

“In 2006, the need arose for a place where there are professionals who can comprehensively address the task of rehabilitation of our children, beyond the advice given to us as a family in legal matters, disability certificates or advice with social works. that integrates all the questions that you have to address when you have a child with a disability, “explained Arabela Lanz, member of the NGO, to Diario de Tandil.

“First we settled as a civil association, and we started to analyze what we could have, donated a plot of two hectares, we wrote it, and from that, with the help of professionals, we started to build the physical plant of what is going to to be the Integral Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities, “he said.

With the help of professionals, more donations and the collaboration of the entire community of Tandil, today CIANE is in its last stages.

Different kinds of events are organized in order to raise the necessary funds to complete the construction of the expected center (Facebook CIANE)

It is the union of an entire community to promote education and advice for those who need it most. A group of parents – far from being seated – decided to accompany hundreds of families who are living through the same problem that they have already experienced.

“The need was the reason that united us, only those who go through these situations know what counts and what does not.” Feeling alone, not fully advised, with all the needs our children have, offers a plus. other parents go through the same thing and we work for that, we want our children to have the rehabilitation they deserve and that will improve their quality of life, that is our job as parents.

These parents carry out different activities on an annual basis in order to achieve the desired goal

Bosco is one of the guys who inspired this project. His parents Arabela and Diego, members of this initiative, told Infobae about their history and the complications they had to face after learning about their son’s disability, Kabuki syndrome, known as a genetic disorder characterized by unusual facial features. , skeletal abnormalities and mild to moderate mental retardation.

“When Bosco was born, nothing was as we expected, our house became a kind of hospital in a short time, but luckily a geneticist managed to name my son’s syndrome, which allowed us to understand and anticipate several characteristic symptoms of The pathology Nothing is as it should, social works permanently deny access to health, ignoring all laws and treaties that recognize rights, being essential to avail of Amparo resources to access them, “said Arabela.

This family is one of 15 that knew how to go through the same path and today they decide to help others with their resources. The importance of the exchange of experiences can not only facilitate a diagnosis in time and form but also anticipate bureaucratic procedures and obstacles inherent in the system to which the parents of children with disabilities, unfortunately, face daily.

Palestinian refugees in Bethlehem united to deal with disability

Islam Abu Aouda, a Palestinian mother of six children, was born as a refugee in the Aida camp in Bethlehem, where she has organized with other women to support her disabled children, who receive little help from the Government or the UN agency. for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA).

Aida, created in 1950 as a temporary tent camp to house the first Palestinian refugees that caused the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, is today an urban conglomeration of narrow streets and concrete buildings where some 5,500 people live, largely surrounded by the separation wall that Israel has been building since 2003 in the occupied West Bank.

Abu Aouda was raised in this compound, where precariousness and few future prospects affect many of its inhabitants, who survive in large part from UNRWA aid, with an increasingly limited budget since the United States reduced its contribution to this agency.

Their children, the third generation of refugees, also grew up in the countryside, and Mohamed, who is now 18 years old, has lived with many difficulties after suffering from cerebral palsy with serious effects on his motor skills and neurological development. He made it completely dependent.

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In Aida camp and neighboring camp, says Abu Aouda, there are at least fifty refugee children with disabilities, and for years their families struggled alone to care for them, with no services to meet their special needs.

“We do not wait for anyone to solve our problems,” says Mohamed’s mother, who is 2010 founded the Nur association (‘light’, in Arabic) to manage the care of her children together with other refugee women in the same situation.

“At the beginning, it was hard for us to start, we did not have anything and any project was a challenge,” says Abu Aouda, who, among other activities, teaches Palestinian cuisine and dinners with traditional food that make small contributions to finance the entity.

The project of the association has been simmering since its inception, more and more women are collaborating and has a center where it offers sessions of physiotherapy, special education, speech therapy and language classes to about 45 children with a specific attention program, in addition to 300 children and adults with special needs who study their languages.

The public schools in the camps, managed by UNRWA, do not have their own programs for children with acute needs, says Abu Aouda, who for years took his son to a private school but notes that “many other children were not educated because their families they could not assume the cost “, something that, he assures, this has changed with the activities of Nur.

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Its premises, in the heart of the Aida countryside, renovated with UNRWA funding from the Government of Belgium, is now a key point for the day to day of dozens of children and their families, with refugee girls who are teachers and a physiotherapist in charge of the physical problems of childhood.

“Many children need rehabilitation and intensive medical care that their families can not afford, but here we serve them with the most basic to improve their conditions,” says physiotherapist Saya Asad among stretchers, balls, and mattresses with drawings of Disney characters.

In an adjoining room, four children play together with their teacher, who teaches them to discern the colors while a children’s song plays in Arabic, and for the future, Abu Aouda considers that the main objective of Nur is to attract more women to bring to his children.

“Many families do not want to take their children to the center because they feel embarrassed, but we try to make them aware that having children with special needs is not a problem or a shame,” he remarks and notes that there is still a lot of work to be done in this area.

According to UN figures, five million Palestinian refugees, those who fled in 1948 and in subsequent waves and their descendants, live scattered in camps in East Jerusalem, the West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan.

The claim of the right to return is among their main demands and is one of the obstacles in the peace negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis, paralyzed since 2014.

Nearly 6 million people displaced by conflicts in Africa in 2017


Nearly six million people displaced in 2017 due to conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa, according to a report issued today by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).

In a statement sent to Efe in Nairobi, the IDMC and the NRC stressed that Sub-Saharan Africa, a region where 14 percent of the world’s population lives, accounts for almost half of the 11.8 million displaced by conflicts in 2017 in the world.

According to the Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2018), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was the most affected African country, with almost 2.2 million people displaced.

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This figure is higher than the 2.1 million displaced people registered jointly by South Sudan, Ethiopia and the Central African Republic (CAR).

The insurgency of Nigerian jihadist group Boko Haram, ethnic violence and disputes over natural resources led to the displacement of more than 415,000 people in the Lake Chad basin, 65 percent of which took place in northeastern Nigeria.

In Somalia, some 388,000 displaced persons related to the conflict plus 892,000 associated with the drought that hit that country of the Horn of Africa were counted.

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The rains and floods forced 2.6 million people to leave their homes in the region.

“The overwhelming number of people forced to flee their homes due to conflict and violence should serve to open our eyes,” said NCR Secretary-General Jan Egeland, stressing that “more effort” is needed to avoid the problem…

The director of the IDMC, Alexandra Bilak, warned, meanwhile, that “internal displacements often tout the beginning of a major crisis.”

“I am 80 years old and I just learned to read and write thanks to a radio”

Margarita Forquera is an old woman, an inhabitant of the small town of El Nihuil, in Mendoza. Throughout 2017, it was part of an educational program of a San Rafael school in which dozens of grandparents were taught to read and write through the local radio station. The dreamed harmony of an example of life

Each month and for several years, the grandmother Margarita Forquera received a magazine from one of her daughters in her precarious house in a town in Mendoza. It was a publication that delivered a credit card from a local bank and allowed her to feed her imagination. The woman did not know how to read or write, but she expected the arrival of those pages in order to “create” the content in her head.

Margarita, in the living room where she learned to read and write for a year thanks to a radio

Margarita went through most of her life with her illiterate condition. Her husband, Hilario Arena, died a few years ago also unable to read or write. Once alone at home, the woman decided in 2017 and with 79 years to begin the process of literacy.

“When they gave me that magazine, I looked at the photos and the big letters, without understanding anything they said, and I liked to imagine what people might be saying or thinking about where in the world they had taken those photos. very curious, “Margarita told Infobae through a telephone conversation.

“With my husband had 12 children throughout our lives. Neither could neither read nor write. So we forced 12 to go to school. We did not want to repeat the same thing happened to us. We did not want that so many things of life were lost, “he reflected.

Margarita lived all her days in El Nihuil, a small town located about 70 kilometers from the city of San Rafael. Already old, it was too difficult for her to move to the big city to attend an adult school. For this reason, she joined an unpublished program developed by the Luis Grassi School for adults in San Rafael: she learned to write at home through classes given daily on the local radio by that educational institution.

The house where Margarita lives, today with her youngest daughter

“Last year I started going to that school, but the truth was that it was not always, when it was very cold, I preferred to stay at home, and this is a very cold area, so it was very difficult for me to learn a lot with classes when He went so often, “he explained.

At the beginning of 2017, Margarita was visited in her modest townhouse by a teacher and a psychologist, who offered to learn to read and write without leaving home. For that, they gave him a spreadsheet with large letters and drawings, gave him some colored pencils and warned him to be attentive to the radio during three specific times of the day.

María del Valle Cabaña, director of the Grassi School and one of the main promoters of the class program through a radio, stressed the importance of meeting the needs of those grandparents from rural villages with transfer difficulties.

“Nihuil is inhabited by people who have spent their entire lives in rural areas, they are very simple and humble people, and sometimes it is very difficult to convince these people of the countryside to move to a school to at least begin to read and write. “Cabaña explained to Infobae.

He added: “So, we were thinking about the idea with a team coordinated by the Section 5 supervisor, Pablo Moralejo, and we created this idea.”

In 2017, the "radio literacy" program added about 15 adult students

The adult center Grassi coordinated his work with the school of El Nihuil called Augusto Rousell to lend him his radio studio. There, a professional speaker recorded the classes between 12 and 15 minutes that would then be broadcast three times each day.

In the morning the program is broadcast with the repeated class of the previous day; At the time of the siesta the content of the new class of the day is heard and at about 20 the same lesson is repeated.

“At the beginning, as these people do not know how to write or read and since there is no physicist there to explain them, we give them a spreadsheet and relate the letters and numbers with colors: A is orange, I is violet, E is green … “, explained Cabaña.

Margarita Forquera was one of the 15 grandmothers and grandparents who dared to take the leap with the radio literacy classes.

” The first word I wrote was my name, I did it at 79 years old and it’s a very beautiful word,” Margarita said with great emotion.

The old woman provides the interview with a borrowed cell phone. Her lack of habit of new technologies made her stick the microphone too much to her face. Therefore, his voice is heard far away, with noises.

“There are many things that people who can read will never understand, I almost never could go out without being accompanied by one of my children.” If I went to the store, I had to wait for the owner to grab my tickets because I did not I could count how much money I had to pay, even when I went to this school in San Rafael, they had to accompany me, if I got lost, there was no way I could understand which streets I was in

Margarita never left El Nihuil. During all his youth he lived in a country house, in the rural depth of the area. All her family and herself dedicated herself to the raising of goats. Later, he worked on farms and in a metallurgical factory called De Grassi.

“There, I was in charge of having all the worker’s lunch ready, I knew how to count but I did not know how to read the time, so to know when I had to go to my house, I would draw a line every day on a paper every day. When the big needle of the watch looked up, when I counted six lines, I knew that I could go to my house. ”

“My compañeras helped me so that I could collect all the salary and I have to thank my bosses and my employers who helped me so that I did not have more time than I had to stay.”

Both the De Grassi factory and the Carbon-metal factory were the two main labor engines of El Nihuil in its history. Once both closed, the young people of the region were forced to move to other nearby cities. And there were the old, the old, practically isolated.

“At first, I was a little embarrassed to say that I was almost eighty years old and could not read or write, but the teachers and some neighbors encouraged me to study and congratulated me, sometimes it betrays my memory a bit and I forget things, but with effort everything can be done, “Margarita reflected in her forceful but soft voice.

Students and some of the teachers who are part of the program of literacy classes through a radio

The 80-year-old woman recognizes that she still has to practice and finish learning some things. He tries to read the posters in the businesses, the names of the streets and, from time to time, he is encouraged to interpret the occasional text message on the cell phones of his children.

Also, after the first literacy year, Margarita remains linked to the adult institution of San Rafael: today it is part of the schooling process at the Luis Grassi organization. It must go back to the educational institution, where the classes increased their diversity of material and even demand.

“Now I go to school, yes, but I keep the same idea: if it’s very cold, I prefer to stay in a house, I’m not going to be so cool at this stage of my life,” said Margarita.

The woman, who recently overcame a phase of depression for the death of her husband Hilario, is now dedicated to continue their studies and enjoy their more than 30 grandchildren who visit her every day.

The area of ​​El Nihuil is composed mostly of rural houses

Meanwhile, the radio literacy program in El Nihuil continues to expand: “In 2017 we had about 15 students through this system, of which 10 are already enrolled in our center today, ” explained Cabaña.

“In addition, in the two months of classes we have this year, about five new students joined us and several districts asked us for the bases to do the same in their regions, ” he added.

Margarita broke the radio with which she learned to write. Even the worn wooden table that he used as a desk in his precarious living for a year today rests at the door, outside the home. It was replaced by a new white table. Reflections of a new life, of an old woman who thanks to the understanding and writing of the texts found her particular way of “being born again”.

“Now I can read messages and know who wrote them to me and that is beautiful, I would like it if there are other people who are as I was, who put the batteries and make the effort.” With effort and care, everything is achieved. It’s late when the happiness is good, “he said with emotion shortly before taking off the microphone of the borrowed cell phone from his cheek.

Manifestation against the Polish Government’s plan to restrict abortion

Tens of thousands of people, mostly women, gathered today in Warsaw to protest against a plan to tighten legislation on abortion, now in the process of parliament and backed by the government party, the right-wing nationalist Law, and Justice (PiS).

Around 55,000 people demonstrated in the Polish capital, according to the city’s spokesman Bartek Milczarczyk, in a protest called “Black Friday”.

The trigger for these concentrations is the bill to limit the voluntary interruption of pregnancy, admitted for processing by the House on January 10, the result of the popular initiative “Stop Abortion”, which has the majority support of deputies of the Pee.

Since then, a parliamentary commission reviews the proposal, which seeks to prohibit abortion for cases in which the fetus has malformations, an irreversible disease or Down syndrome.

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Until that commission gives the green light, the proposal cannot be voted on by Parliament.

The “Stop Aborcja” proposal only allows abortion for cases in which the life of the mother is at risk or the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest.

The demonstrators, coming in many cases from different parts of Poland, passed before the Polish Parliament, the seat of Law and Justice and one of the most significant churches in Warsaw, in protest of the support of the Catholic hierarchy to the proposal “Stop Abortion ”

In addition to Warsaw, there are protests on Friday in other cities in Poland against the restriction of abortion.

A spokesman for the Polish Episcopal Conference, Pawel Rytel-Andrianik, has said that “the delay in parliamentary procedures on legislation to limit abortion is cause for concern” for the Church in Poland, where 90 percent of the population of declares Catholic.

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“We do not want politicians or priests to come and tell us what to do with our bodies,” said one of the protesters, Magda, who like other women carried a hanger, allusive to her body is not just a simple receptacle to give light, but it is the woman who must be able to decide on her body.

The leader of Law and Justice, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, has shown himself on numerous occasions in favor of the prohibition of the so-called eugenic abortion, even though Poland already has by itself one of the most restrictive laws in this respect in Europe.

Faced with the communist period, when it was practically free, the current Polish law, dating from 1993, only allows abortion when the health or life of the mother is in danger, pregnancy is the result of rape or incest or the fetus suffers malformations or irreversible disease.

Official data indicate that more than 1,000 abortions are practiced every year, although the Federation for Women and Family Planning, dedicated to helping women to abort within the allowed cases, believes that the real number of pregnant women who abort annually can over 100,000 cases, explained to Efe one of their representatives, Krystyna Kapura.

The Polish government tried unsuccessfully to toughen the abortion law in October 2016, although the protest of thousands of women across the country forced him to stop his project, despite the fact that Law and Justice has an absolute majority in Parliament.

New strategy in favor of breastfeeding, which strives to win adepts

The World Health Organization (WHO) today introduced a new strategy to promote breastfeeding in the world, a practice that, despite its proven benefits for both women and newborns, is far from being the preferred choice for women. mothers

Only 40% of babies up to six months receive breast milk exclusively, an even lower percentage in many high-income countries, where milk formula enjoys great popularity, recognized the organization’s specialist, Laurence Grummer-Strawn.

WHO, together with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), presented a guide with ten concrete steps aimed at encouraging and supporting new mothers in their breastfeeding experience.

The guide includes the adoption by the maternal and child centers of a clear policy of support for breastfeeding, the training of health personnel, the accompaniment and advice to women in labor and the conditioning to avoid separation of the baby and the mother during the first hours and days of life.

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These series of recommendations are an update of the previous ones, which date back thirty years and have had a relative application.

One of the great novelties is that breastfeeding is now encouraged within the first hour after birth, even in the case of premature babies, low birth weight or some other type of complication, explained Grummer-Strawn in a wheel of the press

One of the cornerstones of WHO’s strategy to promote breastfeeding in recent decades has been the “children-friendly hospitals” initiative, where most of the steps included in the plan presented today are already applied.

However, Grummer-Strawn acknowledged that only 10% of maternal units are recognized as such, partly because it requires the implementation of voluntary measures and that they can be expensive, so now the goal is to universalize this concept.

One of the options considered by WHO is that the “friends of children” qualification be included in the certification process that hospitals and other health centers must comply with in order to function.

Breast milk is an important source of energy and nutrients for children beyond the first six months of life, in which the exclusive diet should be.

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Between six and twelve months of life contributes half of the needs in calories and a third between twelve and twenty-four months.

The WHO estimates that breastfeeding prevents the death each year of about 820,000 children under the age of five, since it limits the danger of infections, and in the long term also reduces the risk of obesity by 30% and the risk of suffering from diabetes by 35 %.

Although it is paradoxical, it is in high-income countries where there are “greater barriers” to breastfeeding, due among other factors to a medical staff with an “interventionist” mentality or because the newborn is removed from the mother to wash it.

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WHO, however, made it clear that its strategy is not about “forcing” a woman to choose to breastfeed if she prefers to give up or make her feel guilty for that choice, but rather that each mother has all the information right at your fingertips.

About the rejection in certain societies to the scene of a mother breastfeeding a child of two or more years, the WHO encourages women who so wish to continue breastfeeding after that age.

“You have to stop judging mothers in either way, either because they do not breastfeed or because they do it for a long time,” said Grummer-Strawn.

The expert also acknowledged the role of the advertising of formula milk in the stagnation of breastfeeding rates, through figures that show the economic importance of this product.

If in 2014 the sale of that milk generated revenues of 44,000 million dollars worldwide, by 2019 it will reach 70,000 million, according to forecasts.

Rescued 75 immigrants in El Estrecho and continues the search for seven disappeared

Maritime Rescue and Moroccan teams have rescued today 75 immigrants who traveled in five boats in the waters of the Strait, while the search continues for the seven missing from the shipwreck that occurred yesterday in the same area, after which four bodies were recovered.

At seven o’clock in the morning, Salvamento Marítimo initiated a wide-ranging device by receiving notices from several boats navigating the area.

The boat “Salvamar Arcturus” has located eight miles southwest of Tarifa (Cádiz) a boat in which 32 men, five women, and a baby were traveling, according to the device.

After rescuing them, he has transferred the 38 immigrants, all of the sub-Saharan origin, to the port of Tarifa.

In the port facilities, the social-health device of the Red Cross, the Public Health Emergencies Company, the Civil Guard and the National Police have been activated to assist immigrants.

Throughout the morning, according to sources of Maritime Rescue, 37 other immigrants who were trying to reach the Spanish coast in four boats have been rescued by Moroccan forces.

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On the other hand, the search continues for seven missing immigrants in the Strait on Sunday from a boat that left the Moroccan coast with twelve crew.

Maritime Rescue managed to rescue a single survivor, a young man of about 20 years old from Gambia who, very affected by the experience, reported that they had left the coast of Morocco around two in the morning and that, due to the strong wind and the bad sea, the occupants of the boat, a toy plastic boat, were falling into the sea little by little, as they have told EFE sources close to the operation of rescue and attention.

Together with the survivor, four bodies were recovered, while the rest of the people who were traveling in the boat are missing.

The search operation of these disappeared continues this afternoon in the waters of the Strait of Gibraltar.

Japan, the country that turns its back on refugees

A twenty-something Kurdish woman has been detained in Tokyo for three months. He arrived in the country 16 years ago with his family and his request for asylum was never approved, as the vast majority of the 20,000 people who sought refuge in Japan in 2017.

Despite being one of the most developed countries in the world, Japan has gained notoriety in recent years for its refusal to accept the arrival of refugees, a situation that local NGOs define as a “violation of human rights.”

“Japan has an express policy against refugees, I do not understand why we are so backward, what are they afraid of?” Complains the Tokyo lawyer Takeshi Ohashi, who is dedicated to assisting asylum seekers during a conference at the Foreign Press Club of Tokyo (FCCJ).

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Her work is to deal with cases such as those of Dursun, who was arrested after the local authorities refused to continue renewing her temporary residence visa, which pushed her into illegality and ended up in an immigration detention center, according to her complaint. mother.

“My daughter came to Japan when she was just six years old, she married a Kurdish asylum seeker eleven months later and was arrested for no reason,” explains Dursun’s mother, Hartje Toma, who defines the situation in the immigration centers as “inhuman.”

Requests for asylum in Japan have multiplied in recent years to reach 20,000 in 2017, while the number of applications approved has continued to fall and stood last year at only 20 (0.2 percent), According to data from the Japanese Ministry of Justice.

In 2012, of 2,545 people who requested asylum in Japan, 18 received it – 0.8 percent – a percentage that has fallen in the following years to 0.3 and 0.2 percent, which translates to in 110 refugee status granted in a period of six years, details the same source.

For Japanese organizations in favor of refugees, what is really serious is the “arbitrariness with which arrests occur” and also the fact that many of these people start a new life in the Asian country without knowing when they will be expelled.

“The law in Japan allows immigration authorities to detain foreign residents who are under a deportation order, which does not establish is for how long,” denounces the organization tokiota Friends of the Detained Immigrants (SYI).

Families separated by indefinite detention and “inhuman” sanitary conditions are some of the situations that they accuse the Japanese Government. This, and the passivity of Japanese society, according to an SYI report.

For the volunteer Sayaka Iwakawa, what is really serious is the circumstance in which the children of those refugees face that, before the arrest of one of their parents, they must start working at an early age and in an irregular manner, and in the case of staying in school, they suffer bullying from their classmates.

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“Children have to work with only 10 or 11 years to help their families and in the case of girls, most end up getting married very young,” Iwakawa told Efe, who works with immigrants and refugees in peripheral areas of Tokyo. as Kawaguchi or Warabi, the latter known as “Warabistan”.

These two neighborhoods located in Saitama (north of Tokyo) host many immigrants, including some 2,000 people of Kurdish origin, who after fleeing from Turkey, Syria and Iraq, went to Japan to seek asylum, none of them successfully.

For Ohashi, this is because Japan does not want to risk its good relations with Turkey by granting refugee status to any person of Kurdish origin, a situation that has even starred in the documentary “Backdrop Kurdistan” by the Japanese Masaru Nomoto.

Unable to endure indefinite detention, some of the refugees end up giving in and accepting deportation under their own means. During 2016, according to the Japanese Ministry of Justice, 6,575 immigrants accepted to pay for their return to their country of origin, 93.7% of the total.

“It is a humiliation for her to be locked up and this causes her panic attacks, sometimes she even spits blood,” says Toma about the situation of her daughter, who has been in the immigration center of Shinagawa (south of Tokyo) for three months.

Organizations in favor of refugees in Tokyo estimate that half of the detainees in this type of facility are in fact asylum seekers who do not have any legal status, figures that they expect to increase in the future.

Immigrant children have more academic and social difficulties than natives

Migrant students or those with a migratory background have more difficulties in achieving a good academic and welfare level than natives, according to the latest OECD report presented today in Brussels.

The managing director of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Mexican Gabriela Ramos, was commissioned to present the “first report” in which the adaptation of immigrant students or descendants of immigrants to their place is analyzed of destination based on the Pisa 2015 report.

“A way to integrate immigrants in a satisfactory way is through the schools,” said Ramos, who considers “absolutely crucial” the importance of educational systems in adapting these immigrants.

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The Managing Director of the OECD recalled some examples that have already been launched, such as the World Relief Chicago project, which promotes the interests of refugee and immigrant families in the US city, or the intercultural seal awarded since 2012 in Portugal. the schools that promote integration.

“But much more can still be done,” Ramos insisted, adding that “it is not just a question of helping immigrants, but also educating the native population (…), that children understand the richness of living together to other children from different backgrounds. ”

Migration flows are changing the composition in the classrooms: almost one out of every four students of 15 years in OECD countries is foreign or has at least one parent born abroad.

The low academic performance is a common feature for most students with a migratory background: while 3 out of 4 native students in the OECD countries and the European Union in 2015 reached a basic level of competences in the three main subjects of PISA – reading, mathematics, and science – only 6 out of 10 with migratory backgrounds got it.

A difference that is widened in the case of first-generation immigrants (foreign-born students of parents born abroad), of which 49% reached the basic levels of academic competence in the OECD (50% in the EU ), compared to 72% of natives (71% in the EU).

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In Spain, the levels were 52% among first-generation immigrants compared to 75% among native students.

In addition to the academic response, the report focuses on the degree of ability to adapt socially and notes that 41% of first-generation immigrants show a weak sense of belonging, compared to 33% of students without any migratory background.

Spain is one of the countries with the highest feeling of belonging to their school by first-generation immigrants (71%), although there is a considerable difference compared to their native peers (85%).

The report also analyzes the degree of satisfaction with life as a measure of the degree of “subjective” well-being of students.

According to the PISA 2015 data collected by the OECD, 31% of the first generation immigrant students declared to be dissatisfied with their life, a figure that in the case of the natives was reduced to 28%.

The largest differences in satisfaction between native adolescents and first-generation immigrants are found in Lithuania (25%), Chile (12%), Spain (11%) and France (11%).

On the other hand, Mexico (84%) and Holland (86%) stand out as countries with students (natives and immigrants) more satisfied, while in Hong Kong the average satisfaction level of both is 55%.

According to the report, one of the sources of stress most cited by adolescents is anxiety related to homework and school exams, as well as pressure and concern about grades.

In this sense, of the native students of the OECD countries, 61% showed levels of anxiety related to school work, 6 percentage points less than their immigrant peers.

The study points out that, in many cases, people with less talent but with greater motivation to achieve their goals are more likely to succeed than those who have talent but are not able to set goals.

In this case, the percentage of first-generation immigrants who claimed to want to be the best in what they do (71%) was greater than that of natives (64%).